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Mediclinic News : Deaths caused by lung and cervical cancers jump in SA


Deaths caused by lung and cervical cancers jump in SA




News Description

BUSINESS LIVE Greater numbers of South Africans are dying from lung and cervical cancer, according to a study released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). In 2015 alone, these cancers were responsible for the deaths of 19 160 South Africans. Professor Benn Sartorius, a co-author of the study based at the University of KwaZulu-Natal’s (UKZN’s) department of public health medicine, said the data suggests there is an increase in this global burden of incidence of cancer by about 33 percent in the last decade. In SA, there is also an increase in mortality rate of these cancers. Last year, the country had 114 091 new cancer patients and 58 237 cancer-related deaths. Death rates per 100 000 people are increasing for the top 10 causes of cancer deaths in SA, apart from for oesophageal and stomach cancer. The most striking increases were in colorectal cancer, with a death rate that rose 31 percent between 1990 and 2015. The death rate for breast cancer grew 35 percent, ovarian cancer 41 percent and prostate cancer 45 percent. In the different stages of cancer, the probability of survival reduces radically depending on the stage in which it is detected. Cancer screening can be done through various tests, including pap smears and blood tests. Sartorius said unfortunately, often cancers in Southern Africa are detected at a late stage so the prognosis is quite poor, in which case the therapy can’t be curative anymore, it’s more palliative. The high burden of HIV in SA has been supported by the national roll-out of antiretroviral drugs, leading to an increased life expectancy for HIV-positive people. Such individuals have shifted from needing acute care to more chronic care, and are now more likely to develop non-communicable diseases such as cancer. In some cases, the risk is greater because HIV leaves people more prone to developing certain types of cancer. Breast cancer is the most common kind of cancer affecting South African women, along with lung and colorectal cancer. But cervical cancer is far more deadly, having caused the deaths of 5 406 women in 2015. South African men suffer mainly from prostate, oesophageal, colorectal and liver cancer. But lung cancer caused the most deaths, taking 5 726 lives in 2015.
Created at 2016/12/20 01:53 PM by Mediclinic
Last modified at 2016/12/20 01:53 PM by Mediclinic